Underfloor heating
Underfloor heating is a new and intelligent technology for heating the building, which heats the room directly from the surface of the building. This heating method is considered a luxury feature in modern homes, which heats the whole parts of the house uniformly. However, this heating method, like other methods, has advantages and disadvantages that you need to keep in mind before using it. If you would like to know what an underfloor heating system is and how it can affect the cost of installing and operating this heating system, What is an underfloor heating system?

The underfloor heating system is a unique way to heat the building space, the way it works is completely different from other methods. In this method, as its name suggests, a heating system is installed on the floor, and therefore walking in a building equipped with an underfloor heating system has a completely different feeling compared to other heating systems such as fan coil radiators and air conditioners. has it.

It is interesting to know that the underfloor heating system was first invented by the ancient Romans. The Romans used to heat their living environment by installing channels under the ground and on the floor of the bathroom. After that, this method was used in Korea and Japan, and over time, this method was completed and turned into today’s method. Around the year 1380, the floor heating system was used for the first time in residential buildings in Iran. . Before that, this heating method was also used in Azadi Stadium. Currently, this heating method is used in many residential buildings in the country and it has its own fans.

Implementation of floor heating system in Azadi Stadium to prevent the stadium grass from freezing

In the new method of floor heating system, a five-layer neopipe pipe is embedded in the lower surface of the floor to create heat. These vents, through which hot water passes, create heat in the building, and since the pipes are used in all parts of the floor, for this reason, all parts of the house are heated uniformly. Usually, hot water in the water floor heating system is supplied through the package or engine room. In another method, instead of pipes, elements are placed on the floor of the floor heating system, which are heated by electricity and provide heating to the building..

Heat always moves from the bottom to the top. Therefore, when the pipes are heated on the floor, this heat moves upwards and heats the whole space of the building uniformly.

Advantages of underfloor heating system

The underfloor heating system has many advantages over the size of various heating systems, which you can learn about the most important advantages below.

• One of the most important advantages of using the underfloor heating system is the reduction of energy consumption. When the heating system is installed in the floor, the temperature of all parts of the building will be heated uniformly.

• On the other hand, you feel the heat by walking on the ground that is equipped with a floor heating system; While there is no such situation in other heating systems.

On the other hand, when this system is used to heat the building, the ceramics or the parquet floor will not get wet in any way, and on the other hand, the use of this heating system also prevents the floors from sweating.

Using a floor heating system prevents the waste of thermal energy. As much as the heating system heats the air at higher levels, the amount of heat exchange with the cold air increases and more energy is wasted. Since the heating in the underfloor heating system is generated right from the lowest part of the building, the waste of energy and heat also reaches its lowest level.

The model of the underfloor heating system and air circulation and temperature uniformity

The floor heating system is more efficient than other heating methods and distributes the heat uniformly in all parts of the building.

• Another advantage of the floor heating system is that you don’t need to use a separate device to heat your building. By using this heating system, you will not need any heating device in your home and you can use all the space of your home to place decorative items.

• The floor heating system does not require special care and maintenance, and if it is installed correctly and properly, you can use it for about 30 years without any problems. Almost all heating methods require annual maintenance and servicing, and this also causes you to spend a lot of money to repair them every year. But by installing an underfloor heating system, you will no longer have to worry about annual repairs, and you can enjoy the optimal heat of your home for many years without any problems.

It is easy to connect and disconnect the underfloor heating system using the valves connected to it.

Another advantage of using a floor heating system is that it does not dry out the air like other heating methods, and for this reason, you will experience pleasant and suitable air in all areas of the house after installing this heating system.

Another advantage of this heating method is its safety and comfort. The presence of heaters, stoves and fireplaces in the house entails many risks, and touching these appliances directly can cause burns and problems like this. But with the installation of this heating system, you will no longer worry about security problems.

The presence of a heating system in the clay hand, such as a heater, can cause burning of the hand.

In addition, the underfloor heating system does not create soot and dirt on its walls and prevents the formation of fungus and mold in parts of the building such as bathrooms and toilets where there is more humidity.

It is interesting to know that in the water floor heating system, the temperature of the water inside the pipes is heated at about 30 to 50 degrees Celsius, but in other heating methods, the water temperature should reach about 40 to 85 degrees Celsius, and therefore about 20 50% energy consumption is saved.

Based on the energy used, floor heating systems are divided into two groups of electric and water floor heating systems, which you can learn more about the features of these two types below.

Types of underfloor heating systems

1- Electric floor heating system

Electric underfloor heating system, as its name suggests, provides heating of the building using electric power. For this purpose, in the electric underfloor heating system, elements with high electrical resistance are installed on the surface of the ground, and the heating of these elements causes the heating of the building space. One of the most important advantages of underfloor heating is that it is quick and easy to install.

It does not need a special package and piping, and since it works with electricity, no leakage occurs. But on the other hand, this method also has disadvantages. Since the electric floor heating method uses electricity to heat the house, the cost of electricity is usually high, and therefore, especially in Iran, where the cost of electricity is higher than water and gas, it is not very economical.

The electric floor heating system is done by placing the element and connecting it to the electric current.

2- Water floor heating system

Water floor heating system is implemented by installing water pipes in the floor. Normally, the pipes used in this heating system are made of copper and PVC, and the passage of hot water through these pipes creates heat in the building.

But you should also keep in mind that a package and a radiator are needed to heat the water flowing in the pipes. Normally, setting up a water floor heating system usually requires more money and time, and on the other hand, this method must be done in a professional and principled way, and if the smallest problem occurs, the pipes may leak.

Since this system is installed under the floor coverings and covered with cement, the entire floor must be demolished if there is a problem. However, this method of underfloor heating consumes less energy and is therefore more affordable, and if it is properly connected, it will work for years without any problems.

Disadvantages of underfloor heating system + 7 key points

Underfloor heating has many advantages and disadvantages, but many of the disadvantages attributed to this heating system are rumors that have no scientific basis. Next, you can know exactly what are the disadvantages of underfloor heating.

One of the biggest and first disadvantages of underfloor heating is the time it takes for this heating system to generate heat. In general, the floor heating system needs about 36 hours to start working and reach the highest temperature. So that it turns on at the initial stage with a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius. Then you can increase the heat of the heating system by five degrees every 12 hours and reach your ideal temperature of about 35 degrees Celsius in 36 hours.

This is because the sudden and high heat of this system does not shock the floors and does not cause damage or serious problems.

 Another disadvantage of this heating system is that you cannot change the appearance of the floors after using this method to heat the building. This can be a problem for some people. It is only possible to make minor changes in the flooring, which must be done with care and strict supervision.

 Among other disadvantages of the heating system, we can mention the floor construction stage before the implementation of the heating system. For this, the water, electricity and gas pipes should be smoothed using cement mortar and then the floor heating system should be installed on it. After the implementation of the floor heating system, it is covered with cement again, and then the floor coverings are placed on this section.

 Another issue that you should consider about this heating method is the appropriate temperature setting. When the temperature of the underfloor heating system is not set correctly, you may feel too hot walking on the floor, which would not normally happen.Usually, pipes may overheat due to incorrect installation and wrong plumbing, which will cause serious problems. If the floor heating system is implemented correctly and calculated, you will not feel hot when you walk on the floors; Because the temperature of the flooring is lower than the body temperature and it heats up to 37 degrees.

 In general, the use of underfloor heating is not very suitable for cold areas, therefore it is necessary to use a radiator heater if using this heating system to heat the home.

 Note that the steps of installing the underfloor heating system directly play an important role in the quality and problems after that, and therefore it is necessary to do this work by professional and experienced people.

 The occurrence of leakage and failure in this heating system requires the removal of the entire floor of the building and will result in a lot of trouble and expense. To install this heating method, make sure to get the help of high-quality and first-class raw materials and expert and skilled people so that you do not face serious problems later.

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